Friday, August 28, 2020
In Africa - Article Example e, chief for African Humans Rights Watch, demands The administration, and the ventures and ranchers themselves, need to do much more to secure individuals who live and take a shot at ranches. The laborers without a doubt need to manage plague-like conditions in which pesticides are uncovered, absence of gets to latrines is impeded, drinking water isn't accessible, and to endeavors are led to ensure the laborers through an association. Moreover, he worked with intimately with another affiliation that delivered a report known as Ã¢â¬Å"Ripe with Abuse: Human Rights Conditions in South AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s Fruit and Wine Industries.Ã¢â¬ Undeniably, the ranch laborers have no state on guidelines however keep on enduring radically. No proof has been found to archive any moves that is made by the legislature to secure these laborers. Albeit South Africa has laws that assurance wages, advantages, and lodging conditions; one can't disprove the way that these huge organizations keep on driving these laborers into wretchedness. Most of the current and previous ranch laborers met about these conditions said they had been presented to pesticides without satisfactory security gear. At the point when ranch laborers are incurred with ailment, they are not allowed any days off except if they present a clinical endorsement. Plainly, the administration needs to address this issue so as to lift living
Saturday, August 22, 2020
CDA AND POWER RELATIONS Hafiz Ahmad Bilal Department of English, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan Tel: 92-321-600-2709 Email: ahmadbilal. [emailÃ¢ protected] com Akkasha Tariq (Corresponding Author) Department of English, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan Tel: 92-300-600-5445 E-mail: ak. [emailÃ¢ protected] com Sadaf Zahra Department of English, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan Tel: 92-342-737-2911 E-mail: [emailÃ¢ protected] com Saadia Ashraf Department of English, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan Tel: 92-334-757-2265 E-mail: life. [emailÃ¢ protected] com Saman Sibtain Department of English, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan Tel: 92-334-753-0668 Email: [emailÃ¢ protected] com Kainat Aqsa Department of English, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan Tel: 92-341-571-8087 E-mail: [emailÃ¢ protected] com Abstract This examination targets finding the association among language and belief system which is spoken to by language. Through th e examination of ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s discourse it will be seen that how predominant powers practice their capacity, keep up their prevalence and show their dominance.In this investigation it is attempted to show that why prevailing powers or gatherings receive techniques which satisfy their own advantages. As it were through the use of basic talk investigation the content is broke down to see up to what degree strength and force is found in the words and discourse of people with great influence. CDA consistently targets investigating the manner in which social force misuse and strength are ordered in the public arena. Words are not to be viewed as impartial yet as having some specific implications which are not generally clear to all perusers. Catchphrases: CDA, strength, ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s discourse, Power, Power realations 1. Introduction:Language is a marvel which is identified with our social and subjective improvement directly from our youth and assumes an exceptionally essential job in the arrangement of our personality. Whatever we state consistently contains some importance and speaks to our discernment toward a specific thing or thought. Language assumes a significant job on the grounds that each activity especially a political activity is went with and in reality impacted and played by the language we use. We have consistently got a specific method of comprehension and seeing language. Also, the manner in which we see language fabricates the establishment of our social development and individual just as gathering relationships.And a few parts of semantics have attempted to clarify that what sort of relationship is there between the utilization of language and significance of observation. Since the manner in which we utilize language tells our goal toward any significant issue either political or social. Any talk either spoken or composed can rise up out of numerous sources like social, social or force foundation. Language has forever its surface and genuine i mplications and surface implications contrast from that of genuine implications, and it is in certainty one of the points of talk to show how language is functioning and what setting it is being utilized in. .. Utilizing a language includes something that goes past the securing of structures and the capacity to settle on fitting decisions in the acknowledgment of the specific language capacities. Ã¢â¬ (Yalden, 1987, p 39). Each language discovers its courses in talk and so as to comprehend a discourse or a book it so exceptionally important to get into the profundity of that extremely spoken or composed content and go for its setting. Since except if the content is viewed as having more than surface implications, it would not be anything but difficult to get genuine importance and comprehend the rationale and aim of speaker.Discourse consistently plans to deliver the setting of a thing and bring into light which is in any case not straightforward enough to a peruser and audience. Since itÃ¢â¬â¢s so obvious that our words have never been unbiased and language isn't a theoretical thing rather our words have implications and they have a place with some specific social and political condition. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s very imperative to realize that what really individuals do with words and this takes language from being included structures and sentence structure to work and open ability. 2. Talk AnalysisDiscourse examination is a quickly developing and huge field. Talk clarifies that how messages identify with settings of circumstance and setting of culture. How messages are created as a social practice, what writings educate us regarding happenings and what individuals think and conviction. Content examination is the investigation of formal etymological gadgets that recognize a book from arbitrary sentences. Talk examination considers the content shaping gadgets regarding the capacities for which the talk was delivered, and the setting inside which the talk was created. The very point of talk investigation is to show how the phonetic components help language clients impart. Strong gadgets reveal to us the content and talk is the significance in the unique situation. At the point when we discover importance in the specific situation, and when we discover significance from a book that will become talk, and when break down the content alongside the setting it becomes talk examination. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a verifiable truth that language is checked not in the content however in setting also. It is important to know verifiable foundation of any event.For model if a content comprises of words around 9/11, it will be evident to for the chronicled story. To think in reality about a content foundation information is required which will bode well significantly increasingly clear. Certain structures are followed out to reach to the implications and this is called talk investigation. Talk investigation is a procedure however an examination too. It brings new things in to information and alludes to communicating utilizing words. It is apparent that words are rarely unbiased and everything which is composed or perused has a few implications and through talk examination those implications become clear.This is talk investigation which empowers the analyzer from considering language to be theoretical to considering it to be having a few implications identified with specific conditions like verifiable, social or political. Talk investigation has been utilized to portray various research moves toward whose extreme reason for existing is to concentrate on the utilization of language. Conversational investigation, basic talk examination is a few sorts of talks which have their own strategies and suspicions yet a definitive object is to clarify the manner in which implications are built in communication.A wide scope of writings including diaries and communicate media, political addresses, interviews have been comprehended through the use of talk examinatio n. Talk investigation remembers the ways for which individuals accept implications of a book inside a given setting. Conversational investigation centers around the examination of the manners in which language is being utilized. It advises how individuals react to any discussion and how they utilize a particular word or any gave expression. Then again basic talk investigation (CDA) is worried about the awkwardness wellsprings of intensity, disparity and predisposition. 3. Basic Discourse AnalysisThe term basic talk investigation is a methodology which studies talk in which language is seen as a type of social practice and spotlights on the manners in which social or political control are introduced by content and talk too. Force is one of the ideas CDA manages and CDA will in general break down the language of people with great influence, of the individuals who are answerable for the disparities in done in a general public. Besides CDA scientists endeavor to realize how talk produce s mastery, and how force maltreatment of one gathering is practiced on others. Also, how commanded gatherings may endeavor to oppose such activities. Basic Discourse Analysis (CDA) is a sort of talk logical research that fundamentally contemplates the manner in which social force misuse, predominance, and imbalance are sanctioned, recreated and opposed by content and talk in the social and political setting. Ã¢â¬ (van Dijk, 2001, p. 352) One increasingly significant point of view worried by CDA about Ã¢â¬Å"powerÃ¢â¬ is that it is an extremely uncommon possibility that a content is a work of just a single person. There exists in writings certain proof which, whenever saw through a basic eye, plainly shows the belief systems of the individuals who expect to battle for dominance.The consistent solidarity of language with various social issues makes one thing understood and clear that there is a cozy relationship of language with social force and this relationship happens in vari ous manners. Force isn't basically gotten from language yet language can be utilized in a manner in order to challenge power. Language empowers to build up contrasts in power in progressive social issues, issues and structures. The activities and expressions of people with significant influence are constantly considered of extraordinary hugeness and given a specific importance.And they apply various systems which are all that anyone could need to show their inclinations, and it so happens that their words are taken as a definitive truth. Ã¢â¬Å"The expressions of people with significant influence are taken as Ã¢â¬Å"self-obvious truthsÃ¢â¬ and the expressions of those not in power are excused as superfluous, improper, or without substanceÃ¢â¬ (van Dijk, 2000). Indeed it is one of the obligations of the CDA analysts to assume a significant job in bringing into light the issues and issues of the individuals who have become the casualties of predominance and force misuse, and aft erward question the voice of the individuals who have been practicing their control over other groups.Indeed itÃ¢â¬â¢s so critical to address them so as to uncover their concealed thought processes, their prevalence, individual interests to make others oppressed. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ home experts must take part in basic talk examination to make the voice of the minimized genuine and heard and to take the voice of people with great influence into question to uncover shrouded motivation and thought processes that serve personal circumstances, look after prevalence, and guarantee othersÃ¢â¬â¢ oppression. (Henry and Tator, 2002) as of now referenced that CDAÃ¢â¬â¢s principle concern is about the force and utilization of intensity whi
Friday, August 21, 2020
Weiss and Hartle (1997) Ã¢â¬Å"A process for setting up a common comprehension about what is to be accomplished and how it is to be accomplished, and a way to deal with overseeing individuals that expands the likelihood of accomplishing successÃ¢â¬ * I would say execution the executives implies various things the various individuals. In the organization I as of now work for execution the executives is thought of in the negative just like a procedure by which directors can reprimand representatives over awful execution and at last dispose of them. This may appear to be bygone and it is the most negative model I have run over in my work life up until now, be that as it may, even in progressively ground breaking companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ representatives are regularly wary and dubious of the exhibition the executives procedure. On the other hand I have been lucky to see execution the executives at its best. For me execution the board is tied in with taking the center objectives of the association and guaranteeing that departmental, group and people undertakings and practices connect to and bolster these objectives. Along these lines representatives comprehend what is anticipated from them, why the work is significant and how it joins into the general execution of the association. They are locked in and feel certain about their work realizing that they are adding to the accomplishment of the organization. Execution the executives helps oganisations in spurring and engaging their workers by defining clear objectives and remunerating them for what they accomplish as well as the manner by which they accomplish. In doing this associations can concentrate on what is extremely essential to the achievement of the business. They can select and hold the best representatives, and rouse and create via preparing and testing the workforce. Execution the board permits progression arranging so work jobs can be loaded up with talented, inspired, experienced representatives. Segments of Performance Management Execution the executives is a repetitive procedure including a number various parts. Objective setting is a key part of the Performance Management process. The organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s in general objectives should begin the chain and depending of the size and structure of the association these objectives. The procedure should begin with the authoritative objectives which are intended to guarantee the presentation of the association prompts effective business. These objectives course serious territories, divisions, groups and people. For singular workers their set of working responsibilities and the teamÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢ goals will frame the premise of their individual objectives. It is significant that they see how their own objectives connect into those of the association, why the work they are doing is significant and how it adds to the general accomplishment of the association. There must be concession to singular objectives in the event that they are to be grasped by the individual and th ey should be SMART on the off chance that they are to be viable. Explicit Quantifiable Feasible Results Orientated (Relevant) Time bound It is significant that people are sure about what is anticipated from them, that they feel the objectives can be accomplished and that they that they are testing and intriguing. Key to the accomplishment of objectives is customary correspondence. Correspondence might be formal or casual however can incorporate updates from the people, input from associates, directors and customers, one to ones or group gatherings. This correspondence is important in representatives on target to accomplishing their objectives and making changes when fundamental. Execution examinations are another significant part of execution the board. These occasions are regularly embraced every year and give a proper examination of the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s ability in their job. People and their administrators have the chance to examine, give input and proof of the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s accomplishments (against objectives) and, in certain associations, the manner by which those accomplishments were met (practices). A few organizations likewise embrace half yearly surveys or evaluations with the view to ensuring that that presentation remains on target between yearly examinations. This is likewise a chance to audit existing objectives and set new ones. Execution improvement or advancement arranging is another piece of execution the board. Regions for development or improvement might be recognized whenever during the presentation the executives procedure however regularly come out of examination conversations. Similarly as with objectives it is significant that there is concurrence on advancement plans and that exercises to create people are changed and viable. On the off chance that representatives will accomplish their objectives and build up their aptitudes, information and conveyance inside their job they should approach the suitable preparing and instructing. Regardless of whether workers requireÃ¢ development since they don't meet their present execution prerequisites or so as to advance to the following level, preparing and instructing are likewise key components inside an extensive presentation the board procedure. Inspiration and execution Management This connection among inspiration and execution the executives can be perplexing and individual to every worker. There are various persuasive hypotheses all of which have components of credibility to them. I have taken a gander at two inspirational speculations, McGregor and Vroom. Douglas McGregorÃ¢â¬â¢s hypothesis Ã¢â¬Ëdetails two differentiating models of workforce motivationÃ¢â¬â¢ ** Theory X recommends that the normal individual is essentially apathetic and donÃ¢â¬â¢t like work. They want to be determined what to do and donÃ¢â¬â¢t need obligation. As such there should be tight control of the individual and dangers of misfortune or discipline are the most ideal approaches to spur them. Hypothesis Y is the inverse, expecting that a great many people appreciate work, that they are glad to assume liability under the correct conditions and that they can act naturally persuaded to work admirably. This inspiration can be upgraded when directors can value the representative an d build up their trust. Victor Harold VroomÃ¢â¬â¢s hypothesis, to me, has connections to the Ã¢â¬ËY TheoryÃ¢â¬â¢, the hypothesis proposes that elements, for example, character, aptitudes, information, experience and capacities drive an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s execution. It recommends that workers are spurred by what they hope to get as an end-result of their exertion and what that normal prize intends to the representative. This is alluded to as Ã¢â¬ËExpectancy theoryÃ¢â¬â¢ and connects together in the accompanying manner: Expectancy: Does the individual feel the exertion they put in will prompt elite. What is their degrees of trust in what they can do? Do they have the fitting assets, information and preparing to complete their job? Instrumentality: If the individual accomplishes a significant level of execution is there remuneration for their endeavors and would they be able to be certain they will get it. Representatives must have the option to believe that they will. Valence: Is the prize offered/expected one that the individual qualities. For the award to spur it must have significance for the individual, be it budgetary, acknowledgment, advancement, etc. For me the way to VroomÃ¢â¬â¢s hypothesis and its achievement in propelling representatives is that each individual is unique, every ha their own needs, needs, desires and qualities dependent on the people edge of reference. The board must know and regard the individual and what they need. Award inside Performance the board: I have just talked about remuneration according to inspiration and how the prize on offer may need to bespoke to the person so as to be powerful. There is, be that as it may, a far more extensive viewpoint to prize with a presentation the executives procedure. Prize to pull in and to inspire Pay is generally the main idea when discussing award in business. It is significant that a sensible yet appealing compensation is offered at first while enrolling new representatives. Pay keeps on being significant for most people all through their work, anyway it isn't the main path in way representatives can be remunerated. Inside my present association pay is just expanded yearly, no matter how you look at it, which has little to do with execution aside from recognizing that representatives are remunerated for working for the organization in accordance with typical cost for basic items rises. Right now there is no presentation the executives procedure inside my association other than managing terrible showing in a Ã¢â¬Ëtheory XÃ¢â¬â¢ style, representatives are adjusted with a notification of progress connected to end of their contact. Outside of the yearly boost in compensation money related prize is possibly given if a decent worker takes steps to leave. Practice is known to all workers by means of the grapevine and acts to demotivates the individuals who donÃ¢â¬â¢t wish to adopt this strategy. I have, in any case, worked inside another association where yearly increments were determined on execution during the time dependent on a really hearty examination framework. Drawn in and inspired representatives were urged to gather real proof of their accomplishments and to present and rate this proof at their examination. Appraisals were examined and concurred and afterward, at that point to guarantee decency, experienced cross alignment at departmental level. Representatives felt they were dealt with reasonably and remunerated for their endeavors throughout the year as well as for their responsibility for their own presentation. Another sort of remuneration for execution, which is being turned out right now by my boss, is to give chance to high performingÃ¢ individuals as far as anyone is concerned of the business through a shadowing plan. This has raised employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s assurance as they believe they will have the option to perform all the more adequately and this could, thus, lead to better chances and maybe advancement. It has likewise urged others to improve their presentation so as to be capable take an interest in the plan. As I have talked about an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢ view of the estimation of remuneration will shift starting with one then onto the next. values The need to give an assortment of remunerations in line
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Secret Facts About Geography Thematic Essay Samples Revealed by Industry Leaders Geography Thematic Essay Samples: No Longer a Mystery Also, you are supposed to interest the reader and represent your competence in a particular matter. Your goal is to compose a succinct review of the job you've already done to create clear each point that is quite significant for your paper. The intention of the test is to assess personality along with other test. What's more, besides the countless papers on various subjects, you may have a number of other responsibilities which require substantial attention. Our qualified writers are almost always readily available for discussion and thus your personal requirements and requests will be taken under consideration. The task creates an individual actively reflect on the problem (subject, question) and search for optimal types of expression, which is a significant factor in mental development of somebody. It is vital to identify and disclose the most important subject of the studied work. As a consequence, such students search for the best essay help to be sure their project is going to be produced at the maximal level in agreement with all academic standards. Usually there are three body paragraphs, but you're absolutely free to bring some more if it's vital for an entire answer. The results reveal that classical psychometrics might not be compatible and alpha isn't an acceptable measure. Your outline is what is going to guide the stream of your ideas. When you get familiar with the subject, you've got to select your side. But What About Geography Thematic Essay Samples? Thematic essays are among such popular essay types. There are various types of essays. Since these kinds of essays are a little more involved, the conclusion should not only be a restatement of the introduction. As an example, compare and contrast essay is quite popular and it's tough to compose it. Writing an effective essay demands careful attention to detail and capability to organize your thoughts about the most important subject of your research. Congratulations it appears like you've received your very first thematic essay assignment! Proofreading and editing are a crucial portion of thematic essay writing. Introduction comes first in the start of the thematic essay. Add a review of the essay's topic. Though it has several similarities with other essay types, there are a few significant differences also. Possessing good essay examples provides the reader an in-depth and on-the-court idea about what a well structured and coherent essay appears like. Since you may see, the structure is comparable to other essay types. The next stage of writing a thematic paper is to learn the suitable procedure of the way to compose a thematic essay. The next point to discuss is the best way to compose a thematic essay. If you don't find out how to compose a thematic essay, there's always a means out we can write an essay for you. A theme essay must be persuasive and simple to read, that's why choice of an intriguing topic is very important. In case, you feel that it's impossible to compose your thematic essay punctually or you're not sure you're writing it properly use our help. Teachers and students may examine the very first few questions on the recent exams since they relate to the unit on methodology. They must list the tasks that need to be addressed. Some students make two or even 3 drafts before they may be pleased with their work, because of this they get good marks. As a consequence, many students utilize the help of special on-line services.
Friday, May 15, 2020
Have you ever seen a toddler beauty pageant? These events began in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s and have been corrupting toddlers ever since. If you have ever seen TLCÃ¢â¬â¢s show Toddlers Tiaras you know exactly what I am talking about. To become Ã¢â¬Å"beauty pageant materialÃ¢â¬ these children have to go through intense makeovers and training including spray tans, flippers (fake teeth), teased hair, a face full of makeup, etc, all while they are screaming their heads off. When the toddlers are finally made up they look more like a high school student going to prom more than a four year old. It is hard to believe that these parents are too naive to see that these pageants are damaging their children both physically and mentally. After watching Toddlers TiarasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Most of the time these kids have an attitude because of the things they are told and the way they are told to act.Instead of playing with dolls and watching disney movies the toddlers are trying on gl itzed up dresses, getting spray tans, and practicing their smiles. This teaches them that outward appearance is the most important thing and even sexualizes young girls which can lead to mental health problems like eating disorders and self consciousness as they grow older. A contestant from Toddlers Tiaras even said Ã¢â¬Å"Facial beauty is the most important thing in life.Ã¢â¬ (how do I add the citation). Pageantry and young girls are a bad mix because it will shape their attitude and values for the rest of their lives.o It is easy to say that pageants are something that girls want to do pageants because they get to wear pretty dresses and get all dolled up. But these toddlers are screaming and crying and telling their parents that they want to sleep, do not want to do the pageant, and do not want to be made up, so why make them do it? People can also say that children having a hobby is good wanting to be competitive is a good but the level of competition in pageants are not he althy for the kids. They are told not to be friends with the other contestants, that they have to win, etc. Children should not be forced to do something that they obviously do
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Depression is a complex of psychological and physical symptoms. Low mood level or sadness is often the most prominent symptom. The common property of these symptoms is a decreased activity level in parts of the brain. THE SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION Depression may give one or more of these symptoms: - Low mood level or sadness. - Lack of joy or interest in activities that were joyful before. - Pessimism. - Feel of guilt of something without any substantial reason to feel so. - Inferiority thoughts. - Irritability. - Slowness in the thought process. - Slowness in interpreting sensorial stimuli. - Slowness of digestion or other internal physical processes, and symptoms caused by this slowness, for example inflated stomach, constipation or difficulties by urination. - Slow physical reactions. Depression can be a mild disease that only causes some annoyance in the daily life, but can also get very serious and make a person totally unable to work and unable to participate in social life. By depression of some severity, there is also a greater risk of suicide. Depression can occur in all age classes. In teenager s lack of interest in school work, withdrawal from social life and difficult mood can be signs of depression. THE PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES THAT PRODUCE THE SYMPTOMS By depression there is a decreased amount of neurotransmitters in parts of the central nervous system, mainly deficiency of serotonin, but also to some extend of noradrenalin, acetylcholine, dopamine orShow MoreRelatedYellow: The Color of Postpartum Depression854 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWomen have long felt the emotional, psychological and physical effects of child bearing. Before modern medicine, these mental struggles were said to be nothing more than nervousness. In The Yellow Wallpaper a short story by Charlotte Perkins Gillman, the narrator is a young woman who has recently given birth, during the late 19th century. After giving birth she has fallen victim of postpartum depression. 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After a brief review of the clinical manifestations and diagnosis of IBS, the current understanding of the complex physiological mechanisms contributing to the syndrome will be addressed. The remainder of this paper will focus on a number of important topics at the interface of IBS and psychiatry, including psychiatric comorbidity in IBS, the complex role of psychosocial stressors in the onset and perpetuation of symptoms in IBS, and various
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how stressful a crime scene Investigators job is. In this paper a crime scene is presented complicated which calls for high attention to detail and good organization skills. The job is critical but at the same time rewarding and stimulating for curious minds. Good integrity and ethical character is an important part of this job. Unethical cases and mishandled cases have destroyed a case or lives involved. How evidence is collected and handled is important and given special consideration and specific value. In each crime scene there are safety issues to follow depending on the type of offenses that was committed such as murder or rape. There are also typical crime scene problems and rules that are followed. The step by step organized documentation of a crime scene is one rule that is followed including the chronological order of note taking with no opinions, no analysis, no conclusions, just facts! Persuasive research paper- final draft Being a Crime scene investigator a person needs a strong mind, stomach, diligence, and high attention to detail. A crime scene is complex involving homicides, sexual assaults and robberies. It would take a person with a strong mind and stomach to view the gruesome details at a crime scene investigation. Detailed reports of the crime have to be made and proper processing of evidence. This all includes organization and safety. Ã¢â¬Å"Clues at a crime scene by nature do not volunteer to be collected or examined. How would someone collect fear, rage, hatred, love? These are things that a crime scene investigator is trained to look for. Ã¢â¬ (J. Reese, 2013). The crime scene investigator has to have proper training: In an influential article crime scene investigator requirements have changed because of the number of people who has taken interest in joining the industry. The days are gone getting a law enforcement job by just having experience. A requirement for (CSI) Crime Scene Investigator includes a degree in Criminal Justice or a specific degree in crime scene investigation. (A. Heyntsen, 2013). Ã¢â¬Å"CSI unit supervisors and hiring manager will usually prioritize an applicant who has earned a crime scene investigation degreeÃ¢â¬ . (A. Heyntsen, 2013). There is an option of an associate degree, which is a two year program on general education in criminal justice and forensic investigation. There is a bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in crime scene investigation which goes deeper into the core competencies and education for CSI roles. Employers do prefer the bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree. Presently I am pursuing my bachelor degree in criminal justice. I have had classes in crime scene investigation and forensics the classes are very phenomenal in its methods. Getting the proper training and wanting to become a crime scene investigator, there is a real story behind it: Most people are familiar with CSI the television show. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s amazing how they find forensic evidence to solve every crime and solve every case in one hour. Real crime scene investigators do not like these shows, and you do not find forensic evidence at many of the scenes that are investigated. Another problem with the television show it helps to educate the criminal. Another thing the show cannot duplicate is the odor of a deceased person for about a week, or a person who has been dead outdoors for a long period of time, not to mention bodies that has been burned. There is investigations involving children and babies, these are heartbreaking deaths. This is like attending autopsies, and if you do not like autopsies get into another line of work. The TV show also show investigators with no gloves or protective clothing in a meth lab, picking up evidence before it is numbered or photographed. The TV show also performs miracles by having DNA evidence back in an hour amazing. There also is a fallacy that crime scene investigators work 9-5 Monday to Friday. In reality itÃ¢â¬â¢s a weekend job, middle of the night job, called in on your day off or from your vacation job. On the TV show they never have to do paperwork. The job is fascinating and also rewarding but it is not and far from what you see on TV. (C. Cush, 2013). An Investigator must come prepared for each crime scene: Preparation and crime scene processing, the most important preparation for a crime scene begins before you leave the office. Make sure that you keep your car stocked with the supplies and equipment that will be needed for any type of crime scene. No one has the time to go back to the office to restock in the middle of processing a crime scene. That time could be spent processing the scene as soon as possible. So keep your car stocked with supplies which will help in doing the job accurately and more efficiently. (D. Warrington, 2009). Warrington stated that Ã¢â¬Å"Working a crime scene is a team effort for everyoneÃ¢â¬ the field officers and first responders have to know there job or they can overlook pertinent evidence. Ã¢â¬Å"As part of assessing any crime scene, gather as much information as you can about the complexity of the case that you can calculate if you have enough people and equipment to process the scene. Do a walk through, observe how the crime was committed and type of evidence you might find. Keep in mind that you would not want to mess up a case for being too proud to ask for help, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll pay the price in the end on the witness standÃ¢â¬ . After the process of making the initial assessment, itÃ¢â¬â¢s time to photograph the scene making sure to leave everything exactly the way it was when you arrived upon the scene. You have to determine which items will need processing as you photograph them, without touching anything. Look for objects that look out of place or that the suspect would come in contact to, these items should be fingerprinted. I would also look for hairs and fibers. Warrington states Ã¢â¬Å"per day 150 hairs are shed by the average person, so there is a chance you will find hair at the scene of the crime that belong to the suspectÃ¢â¬ . (D. Warrington, 2009). Once the individual items for processing have been identified, using a scale photograph the items. Any item with fingerprints and DNA evidence should be processed at the scene. In some crime scenes there are large items such as vehicles, countertops, window and door frames. For homicides you can take the entire door or window to use in court. It is also important to check for fingerprints, footprints, blood, semen, and any DNA evidence. At some crime scenes luminal or bluestar is used to look for blood at the scene, wait till night to use or make sure there is no light coming through the windows when using. You have to remember a crime scene requirements are well thought out with attention to every detail. The jury expects to see full detailed evidence. If you plan ahead you will improve your chances of ending up with a case in court that gets results. There is an example of the O. J. Simpson case where processing of evidence at the scene of the crime was mishandled and the prosecution losing the case. There was a lack of attention to detail where cases of homicide usually take intensive processing to the smallest fiber and hair, including blood spatter and stains. The Investigator should have high integrity with a positive attitude: Police corruption: An analytical look into police ethics: Police corruption after being studied and researched still remains a mystery. Robert Peel was given credit for his concept of police depending on citizenÃ¢â¬â¢s cooperation for providing services in a democratic society. The detrimental misconduct of the police cannot be overstated. In recent polls public trust for law enforcement show that only 56 percent of people rate the police as having high ethical standards as compared to 84 percent for nurses. (R. Martin, 2011). Law enforcement has made great strides; they have avoided hiring people with low ethical standards, and have identified employees who might compromise the integrity of the department. Unethical conduct still continues to occur by the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s police departments large and small. Research has offered some understanding for the phenomenal police corruption, hoping to root out the behavior that undermines the legitimacy of law enforcement. There is a theory that a personÃ¢â¬â¢s own natural tendency to engage in unethical behavior and the negative influence of the officers department is an explanation of police corruption. Ã Ã¢â¬Å"First of all, the discussion of ethics as related to law enforcement must begin with a definition of the word integrityÃ¢â¬ . (R. Martin, 2011). Ethics begins with integrity in law enforcement, the sum of virtues required bringing protection and service to the public. There is a list of characteristics that officers must possess to have integrity. (1). Prudence: To be able to discern conflicting virtues and the ability to take the best action. (2). Trust: To be loyal and truthful with officers, citizens, supervisors, this is needed to not exploit authority. (3). Courage: What it means to be cowardice and foolhardiness. (4). Intellectual honesty: Being humble and courageous to admit not knowing something. (5). Justice: Adjust what is owed to a citizen even if it contradicts what is owed. (6). Responsibility: Do the right thing be clear on what is right, and aware of alternatives for taking responsibility rather than making excuses for mistakes. (R, Martin, 2011). Policing and being a crime scene investigator takes perfection and ethics, also a level of knowledge and a devotion to moral excellence. Perfect ethical conduct is needed for all departments it would be disastrous if less. Even though officers are human and make mistakes, ethical misconduct cannot be tolerated. The failure to process evidence right will contaminate evidence. Owensboro Police Department: Evidence collection unit: In criminal investigations you have to prove physical evidence, of a crime scene. This is the reason for the collection and forensic examination of fingerprints, hair, soil, blood, fibers, etc. is practiced. Criminals walk or drive leaving or entering a crime scene, this when shoe or tire impressions are collected which is used for physical evidence. (J. Parham, n. d. ). The evidence collection unit (ECU) collects, and processes the crime scene with photographs, and examines evidence as well as collecting footprint, tool, and tire impressions. (J. Parham, n. d. ). FBI crime scene processing report as noted below is evidence to the prosecution and investigation of crimes. Ã¢â¬Å"It is clear that the investigators identify the physical evidence at a crime scene so that it can be sent for further analysis. The investigator is in management of the crime scene and has to have the competence to record everything as required. Everything must be done in the highest level and with integrityÃ¢â¬ . (J. Parham, n.d. ). Searching in stages to prevent destruction of evidence at a crime scene: Level One Search: This is the basic search, a zone search would be for a small apartment, and a grid search would be for the outdoor area. In a level one search is only for items that can be detected without moving anything at the crime scene. Once evidence is collected and packaged correctly it is time to move to level two search. Level Two Search: This search is more thorough with some intrusion at the scene moving items, such as opening closet doors, and looking under furniture. Level Three search: This is the highest level of intrusion. Every draw is searched all the clothing in the closet even looking through the dirty clothes. This is the level where you would do latent print searches, and if you have to take out wall sections or carpet sections. This is also the level to use chemicals for blood detection. (G. Dagnan, 2007). There are probably more wrong ways than right ways to process a crime scene, but being professional and ethical preserving the integrity of evidence will be a good guide for every crime scene. In conclusion: We have discussed how a crime scene investigator has to have a strong mind, diligence, integrity and high moral character. A crime scene is complex and gruesome needing high attention to detail to proper processing of evidence. Ã¢â¬Å"A thing does not have to be true just because someone dies for itÃ¢â¬ . (Oscar Wilde) Being a crime scene investigator they have to work with death and the pain associated with it. Sometimes the investigator has to detach his self from the truth of the gruesome facts of death, rape, robbery. In the end this job is rewarding because it helps to bring closure and a peace of mind to so many and also helps to keep the community safe. Employers prefer to hire investigators with a bachelor degree and internship. Once hired on the job come prepared for each crime scene. Keep your vehicle stocked and never be too proud to ask for help. Always gather as much information as you can when assessing a crime scene, then it is time to photograph the scene, take fingerprints and look for hairs and fibers. It is important to have integrity and ethics. Have the ability to take the best action, be loyal and truthful. Be responsible, do the right thing and be clear on whatÃ¢â¬â¢s right. The moral of the story is it takes perfection and ethics of the highest level to be a crime scene investigator. There are no alternatives for making excuses for mistakes.